APA Referencing: Sample APA reference list

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What is a reference list in APA

Your Reference List should be located on a separate page at the end of your assignment titled: References. It should include the full details of all your in-text references (excluding personal communications), arranged alphabetically A-Z by author surname, see Sample Reference List below. The terms ‘Bibliography’ and ‘Reference List’ are often used interchangeably, however a reference list only includes items you have referenced in your assignment whereas, a bibliography also includes items used to prepare your assignment (check with your lecturer or tutor which they require). Other points to note:

  • List works with no author under the first significant word of the title.
  • Indent second and subsequent lines of each entry (5-7 spaces).
  • Use double spacing.
  • Use the centred heading in bold: 'References'.

APA Sample Reference List


Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Childhood education and care (No. 4402.0). Canberra, ACT: Author. Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au

Bardy, R., & Rubens, A. (2017). Building intellectual capital for sustainable development: Combining local wisdom and advanced knowledge. In I.T. Lopes, & R. Serrasqueiro (Eds.), Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Intellectual Capital (pp. 18-25). Reading, England: Academic Conferences and Publishing International.

BHP. (2017). BHP sustainability report 2017. Retrieved from https://www.bhp.com/media-and-insights/reports-and-presentations/2017/09/2017-annual-reporting-suite

Blakey, N., Guinea, S., & Saghafi, F. (2017). Transforming undergraduate nursing curriculum by aligning models of clinical reasoning through simulation. In R. Walker, & S. Bedford (Eds.), HERDSA 2017 Conference: Research and Development in Higher Education: Curriculum Transformation (pp. 25-37). Hammondville, NSW: Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia. Retrieved from http://www.herdsa.org.au/research-and-development-higher-education-vol-40-25

Brockie, J. (Presenter). (2018, June 12). Sizing up steroids [Television series episode]. In J. Noyce (Producer) & M. Nguyen-Emmett (Associate Producer), Insight. Sydney, NSW: SBS Television.

Caire, N. J. (Photographer). (1880). Western entrance to Melbourne International Exhibition [Glass slide]. (Accession no. H3860). Melbourne, VIC: State Library of Victoria.

Craig, P. (2012). Contemporary nutrition issues. Journal of the Home Economics Institute of Australia, 19(2), 12-21. Retrieved from http://www.heia.com.au/

Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. (2017). Understanding the needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and girls: A joint project with the Australian Human Rights Commission. Retrieved from https://pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/publications/factsheet-supporting-indigenous-women-girls.pdf

Fletcher, D. P. (2018). Disrupters: Success strategies from women who break the mold. Irvine, CA: Entrepreneur Press.

Frank, L. K. (1935, February 4). [Letter to Robert M. Ogden]. Rockefeller Archive Centre (GEB series 1.3, Box 371, Folder 3877), Tarrytown, NY.

Hernández-Romero, L. (2017). Re-evaluating creativity: The individual, society, and education. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Idato, M. (2018, May 10). Art of cutting humanity down to size. The Age: Green Guide, p. 20.

Ireland, P. (Director), & Hill. D. (Writer). (2016). Pawno [DVD]. Melbourne, VIC: Toothless Pictures.

Johnson, A. (2018). “It doesn’t need to be this way”: The promise of specialised early intervention in psychosis services. Retrieved from https://iepa.org.au/network-news/it-doesnt-need-to-be-this-way-the-promise-of-specialised-early-intervention-in-psychosis-services/

Krulwich, R. (Presenter), & McEwen, A. (Producer). (2018). Smarty plants [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from https://www.wnycstudios.org/

Lecomte-Tilouine, M. (2017). Nature, culture and religion at the crossroads of Asia. London: Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.routledge.com/

markps2. (2017, May 31). Re: What triggers that feeling of being watched? [Web log comment]. Retrieved from https://mindhacks.com/2017/05/26/what-triggers-that-feeling-of-being-watched/#comments

Moniz-Cook, E., Woods, B., Killick, J., Nolan, M., Ryan, T., Quinn, C.,... Wolverson, E. (2016). Positive psychology approaches to dementia. London, England: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Moran, A., & Toner, J. (2017). A critical introduction to sport psychology (3rd ed.). Milton Park, England: Routledge.

Mosek, E. (2017). Team flow: The missing piece in performance (Doctoral dissertation, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia). Retrieved from http://vuir.vu.edu.au/35038/

Mosley, M. (Presenter), Overton, P. (Executive Producer), Pringle, K. (Producer), & Hatherley, E. (Producer). (2018, July 17). The truth about getting fit [Television programme]. Retrieved from https://iview.abc.net.au/

Ooi, D. (2018). AEB1804: Young People in a Global Community, week 1, session 1 notes [Course Presentation]. Retrieved from https://vucollaborate.vu.edu.au/d2l/le/content/177492/viewContent/ 2217850/View

The pain of being a caffeine freak. (2001, October 6). New Scientist, 172(2311), 27.

Perry, S. M. (Ed.). (2018). Maximizing social science research through publicly accessible data sets. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Ruxton, C. (2016). Tea: Hydration and other health benefits. Primary Health Care, 26(8), 34-42. doi:10.7748/phc.2016.e1162

Shah, T. H. (2018). Big data analytics in higher education. In S. M. Perry (Ed.), Maximizing social science research through publicly accessible data sets (pp. 38-61). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Standards Australia, & Standards New Zealand. (2018). Interior and workspace lighting part 2.5: Hospital and medical tasks (AS/NZS 1680.2.5-2018). Retrieved from SAI Global.

Woodman, D. (2018, May 16). Internships have much to offer but provisions are necessary to ensure the young truly benefit. The Australian, p. 29. Retrieved from Factiva.

Young, S. & Smith, J. (2017). Helping children with ADHD: A CBT guide for practitioners, parents and teachers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. doi: 10.1002/9781118903155