The basics of a reference list entry for a Web page or Web document:
Example: American Psychological Association. (2014). Aging and depression. Retrieved from www.apa.org/helpcenter/aging-depression.aspx
|Material Type||In-Text Example||Reference List Example|
|Web Document||(Allen, 2004)||
Allen, D. (2004). Dealing with your meeting notes. Retrieved from http://www.effectivemeetings.com/meetingbasics/
Where the web page is part of a larger whole, do not italicise the title. Capitalize only the first word of the title.
|Web Document: No date||(Gold, n.d.)||
Gold, M. (n.d.). What is holistic medicine? Retrieved from http://www.holisticmed.com/whatis.html
Use the abbreviation n.d. (no date) in place of the year of publication.
|Web Document: No Author||
("Tips on Taking Multi-Choice Tests," 2011)
When a work has no identitfied author, cite in-text the first few words of the reference entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks if you are referring to the title of an article, chapter or web page.
Tips on taking multi-choice tests. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.socialpsychology.org/testtips.htm
Web Document: (Online reference work, no author or editor)
Plavix, generic name Clopidogrel has been effective in treating... ("Plavix", 2017).
In place of the author cite the first few words of the reference entry (usually the title) and the year. Include double quotation marks as the entry is part of a larger work.
Plavix. (2017). In MIMS Online. Retrieved from https://www.mims.com.au
Publication date: Use revision date as listed in Full PI.
|Web Document: Government Department as Author||
(Department of Health and Family Services [DHFS], 2007)
If you want to cite from the report more than once; in the first citation provide the full name of the organisation, as above. In subsequent citations use the abbreviated organisational title e.g.
Department of Health and Family Services. (2007). Youth suicide in Australia: The National Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/mentalhealth/publishing.nsf/Content/national-suicide-prevention-strategy-1
Titles of reports are in italics. Capitalize the first word of the title and subtitle and any proper nouns.
|Web Document: ABS||(Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008)||
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). Childhood education and care (No. 4402.0). Canberra, ACT. Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au
Add the ABS Report's Catalogue Number after the title.
|Web Document: Organisation as author||(The Australian Psychological Society, 2008)||
The Australian Psychological Society. (2008). Understanding and managing anxiety. Retrieved from http://www.psychology.org.au/publications/tip_sheets/anxiety
|Website||Kidspsych is a wonderful interactive website for young children (http://www.kidspsych.org).||When referring to a website in general, but not specific information on a web page or web document, it is sufficient to give the address of the site in the text. No Reference List entry is required.|
Myers, P. Z. (2007, January 22). The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the_unfortunate_prerequisities.php
A blog comment where the author uses an alias would be referenced as follows:
MiddleKid. (2007, January 22). Re: The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the_unfortunate_prerequisities.php
|Video Blog Post (YouTube)||(Hall, 2007)||
Hall, A. (2007, December 20). How to study at Oxford University [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vxAU88LxLis
|Podcast: Web||(Moss & Selig, 2010)||
Moss, S. (Presenter), & Selig, S. (Presenter). (2010). Conversations with ALMA: Healthy eating and maintaining motivation [Audio podcast]. Fairlight, NSW: Australian Lifestyle Medicine Association. Retrieved from http://www.lifestylemedicine.com.au/health-professionals/podcast.htm
|Podcast: Radio show||(Rheinberger & Hogan, 2011)||
Rheinberger, J. (Script Writer), & Hogan, A. (Director). (2011, October 25). Episode 26 [Podcast radio programme]. In C. Thompson (Producer), Nerdzilla. Hobart, TAS: ABC Local Radio. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/local/audio/2011/10/24/3346730.htm
For an episode from a radio series, use the same format as for a chapter in a book, but list the script writer and director in the author position and the producer in the editor position.
|Podcast: TV show||(Brown & Brodie, 2007)||
Brown, W. (Script Writer), & Brodie, K. (Director). (2007, June 4). From Lake Baikal to the halfway mark, Yekaterinburg [Podcast television programme]. In P. George (Producer), Peking to Paris. Sydney, NSW: ABC Television. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/tv/pekingtoparis/podcast
For an episode from a television series, use the same format as for a chapter in a book, but list the script writer and director in the author position and the producer in the editor position.
|Computer Software||(Schoonjans, 2008)||
Schoonjans, F. (2008). MedCalc Statistical Software (Version 184.108.40.206) [Computer software]. Palo Alto, CA: 3d2f.Com. Retrieved from http://3d2f.com/programs/13-638-medcalc-statistical-software-download.shtml
Reference list entries are not necessary for standard off-the-shelf software. Provide entries for specialised software. Add the version number after the name of the software.
This introductory video will demonstrate how to reference web pages and web documents using the APA Referencing style 6th edition.
The essential elements you require to create a web page reference includes: Author, Date published, Title, ‘Retrieved from’ statement followed by the Web address. The use of correct Punctuation is another important element of the APA style.
Highlighted is the key information on a webpage required to create a full reference. If there is no individual author or authors listed, use the organisation responsible for the content of the information as the author.
This is an example of a web document: Some web documents such as a publication from the Australian Bureau of Statistics will have a catalogue number. The catalogue number is placed in round brackets after the title. The names of organisations as authors are usually listed in full each time they appear in an in-text citation. However, where the organisations name is long and the abbreviation is familiar, the name can be abbreviated in subsequent citations. In the first occurrence include the full name as well as the abbreviation. If there is no date available, use the abbreviation “n.d” in round brackets, which stands for "no date“.
This is an example of how you would reference an online video. and a blog post
For further assistance, follow the link to the APA referencing Guide. Contact the Victoria University library. Through: ‘Ask a Librarian’ chat and email or ask for help at any Library service desk.