APA Referencing: Web content

Related links

APA Referencing: web content

Basic format to reference material from the web

The basics of a reference list entry for a Web page or Web document:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year (in round brackets).
  • Title.
  • Web address.
  • The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces.

Example: American Psychological Association. (2014). Aging and depression. Retrieved from www.apa.org/helpcenter/aging-depression.aspx


Please note:

  • Include author(s) surname for web page/ web document  references where possible. An author may be a corporate body or organisation responsible for creating, producing or publishing a web page or website.
  • Where there is no identifiable author or authoring body, use the title of the web page or website.
  • Check the web page for the date of the last update. Advice on this can be found in the videos at the bottom of this page.

Referencing material from the web: Examples

Material Type In-Text Example Reference List Example
Web Document (Allen, 2004)

Allen, D. (2004). Dealing with your meeting notes. Retrieved from http://www.effectivemeetings.com/meetingbasics/

Where the web page is part of a larger whole, do not italicise the title. Capitalize only the first word of the title.

Web Document: No date (Gold, n.d.)

Gold, M. (n.d.). What is holistic medicine? Retrieved from http://www.holisticmed.com/whatis.html

Use the abbreviation n.d. (no date) in place of the year of publication.

Web Document: No Author

("Tips on Taking Multi-Choice Tests," 2011)

When a work has no identitfied author, cite in-text the first few words of the reference entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks if you are referring to the title of an article, chapter or web page. 

Just italicize the title if you are referring to the title of a periodical, book, brochure or a report, see Book: No Author

Tips on taking multi-choice tests. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.socialpsychology.org/testtips.htm

Web Document: (Online reference work, no author or editor)

MIMS Online

Plavix, generic name Clopidogrel has been effective in treating... ("Plavix", 2017).

In place of the author cite the first few words of the reference entry (usually the title) and the year. Include double quotation marks as the entry is part of a larger work.

Plavix. (2017). In MIMS Online. Retrieved from https://www.mims.com.au


Publication date: Use revision date as listed in Full PI.

Web Document: Government Department as Author

(Department of Health and Family Services [DHFS], 2007)

If you want to cite from the report more than once; in the first citation provide the full name of the organisation, as above. In subsequent citations use the abbreviated organisational title e.g.

(DHFS, 2007)

Department of Health and Family Services. (2007). Youth suicide in Australia: The National Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy. Retrieved from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/mentalhealth/publishing.nsf/Content/national-suicide-prevention-strategy-1

Titles of reports are in italics. Capitalize the first word of the title and subtitle and any proper nouns.

Web Document: ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008)

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). Childhood education and care (No. 4402.0). Canberra, ACT. Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au

Add the ABS Report's Catalogue Number after the title.

Web Document: Organisation as author  (The Australian Psychological Society, 2008)

The Australian Psychological Society. (2008). Understanding and managing anxiety. Retrieved from http://www.psychology.org.au/publications/tip_sheets/anxiety

Website Kidspsych is a wonderful interactive website for young children (http://www.kidspsych.org). When referring to a website in general, but not specific information on a web page or web document, it is sufficient to give the address of the site in the text. No Reference List entry is required.
Blog Post

(Myers, 2007)



(MiddleKid, 2007)

Myers, P. Z. (2007, January 22). The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the_unfortunate_prerequisities.php

A blog comment where the author uses an alias would be referenced as follows:

MiddleKid. (2007, January 22). Re: The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the_unfortunate_prerequisities.php

Video Blog Post (YouTube) (Hall, 2007)

Hall, A. (2007, December 20). How to study at Oxford University [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vxAU88LxLis

Podcast: Web (Moss & Selig, 2010)

Moss, S. (Presenter), & Selig, S. (Presenter). (2010). Conversations with ALMA: Healthy eating and maintaining motivation [Audio podcast]. Fairlight, NSW: Australian Lifestyle Medicine Association. Retrieved from http://www.lifestylemedicine.com.au/health-professionals/podcast.htm

Podcast: Radio show (Rheinberger & Hogan, 2011)

Rheinberger, J. (Script Writer), & Hogan, A. (Director). (2011, October 25). Episode 26 [Podcast radio programme]. In C. Thompson (Producer), Nerdzilla. Hobart, TAS: ABC Local Radio. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/local/audio/2011/10/24/3346730.htm

For an episode from a radio series, use the same format as for a chapter in a book, but list the script writer and director in the author position and the producer in the editor position.

Podcast: TV show (Brown & Brodie, 2007)

Brown, W. (Script Writer), & Brodie, K. (Director). (2007, June 4). From Lake Baikal to the halfway mark, Yekaterinburg [Podcast television programme]. In P. George (Producer), Peking to Paris. Sydney, NSW: ABC Television. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/tv/pekingtoparis/podcast

For an episode from a television series, use the same format as for a chapter in a book, but list the script writer and director in the author position and the producer in the editor position.

Computer Software (Schoonjans, 2008)

Schoonjans, F. (2008). MedCalc Statistical Software (Version [Computer software]. Palo Alto, CA: 3d2f.Com. Retrieved from http://3d2f.com/programs/13-638-medcalc-statistical-software-download.shtml

Reference list entries are not necessary for standard off-the-shelf software. Provide entries for specialised software. Add the version number after the name of the software.


Video Transcript

This introductory video will demonstrate how to reference web pages and web documents using the APA Referencing style 6th edition.

The essential elements you require to create a web page reference includes: Author, Date published, Title, ‘Retrieved from’ statement followed by the Web address. The use of correct Punctuation is another important element of the APA style.

Highlighted is the key information on a webpage required to create a full reference. If there is no individual author or authors listed, use the organisation responsible for the content of the information as the author.

This is an example of a web document: Some web documents such as a publication from the Australian Bureau of Statistics will have a catalogue number. The catalogue number is placed in round brackets after the title. The names of organisations as authors are usually listed in full each time they appear in an in-text citation. However, where the organisations name is long and the abbreviation is familiar, the name can be abbreviated in subsequent citations. In the first occurrence include the full name as well as the abbreviation. If there is no date available, use the abbreviation “n.d” in round brackets, which stands for "no date“. 

This is an example of how you would reference an online video. and a blog post

For further assistance, follow the link to the APA referencing Guide. Contact the Victoria University library. Through: ‘Ask a Librarian’ chat and email or ask for help at any Library service desk.