Harvard Referencing: Image/Table/Artwork

Related links within this guide

Basic format to reference an image/table/artwork

The basics of a Reference List entry for an image:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year.
  • Title (in italics).
  • Publisher.
  • Place of publication.


Lissarrague F 2001, Greek vases: the Athenians and their images, Riverside Books, New York.


Above is an example of the reference list entry where an image is cited in a book.

  • Include in the text: the artist, the title of the work and other identifying factors. Provide an in-text citation for where you saw the work. In the Reference List provide full details of where the work was cited.
  • If you have viewed a painting, street sculpture, building, fashion or other creative objects in-situ, (either in the street, a gallery or a parade), then use the examples on this page to cite your original artworks.

Referencing an image/photograph/table/artwork: Examples

 Material Type  In-text example Reference List Examples
Image from a book

The beautiful Attic Red Figure Cup by the Cage Painter made in 490 BCE, is now in the Paris Louvre and depicts a young man drinking (Lissarrague 2001, p. 36).

Lissarrague, F 2001, Greek vases: the Athenians and their images, Riverside Books, New York.

Image from Flickr

The blue banded bee, depicted, has a striking blue and black abdomen (Sekar 2013).

Sekar, S 2013, Blue banded bee, image, Flickr, 13 February 2017, <https://flic.kr/p/g49u8f>.

Image from a webpage

Blue banded bees are attracted to the colour blue, as shown in this image (Wilson 2014).

Wilson, J 2014, Blue banded bee and salvia, image, The Planthunter, 13 February 2017, <http://theplanthunter.com.au/uncategorized/bee-hotel/>.

Original artwork


Jane Sutherland's masterly depiction of early morning light at the artist's camp in Box Hill was particularly admired in her painting The Mushroom Gatherers (1895).

Sutherland, J 1895, The mushroom gatherers, Oil on canvas, 481x993 mm, Australian Collection, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.                                        

Original artwork


When you have viewed works in-situ

The Martinware Pottery factory produced zoomorphic pottery vessels from the 1870's to the First World War. Owl (Martin 1903) is a good example of the factory's whimsical style.

Note: Below is an example of the citation of the original work viewed in a temporary exhibition.

In Wishing Well (Ektoras, 2014) demonstrates..

Martin, RW 1903, Owl, salt-glazed stoneware, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, England.
Ektoras, M 2014, Wishing well, Mono-print: Acrylic on rice paper, Exhibited at: Light & Shade exhibition, Beth Hulme Gallery & Studio, Melbourne, 15 May - 6 Jun 2015.

Table or figure from a book

Selection bias is identified as a threat to internal validity (Riddick 2015, Table 7.6, p.138).
Note: Include the table or figure number if available.

Riddick, CC & Russell, RV 2015, Research methods:  how to conduct research in recreation, parks, sport, and tourism, 3rd edn, Sagamore Publishing, Urbana, Illinois.

Table or figure from an online source

Latest figures show there are 165 public hospitals in Victoria (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2015, Table 1, p.3).

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2015, Australia’s hospitals 2013–14 at a glance, cat. no. HSE 157, AIHW, Canberra, viewed 23 June 2015, <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=60129551440>.