|Material Type||In-Text Example||Reference List Examples|
According to Gray (2018, p. 175), there is ‘significant gender and age differences related to how young people use SNS’.
Gray, L 2018, 'Exploring how and why young people use social networking sites', Educational Psychology in Practice, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 175-194.
An article obtained from a Database, from E-reserve or from VU Collaborate is referenced in the same way as a print article.
|Journal Article with two authors||
(Blocker & Wahl-Alexander 2018)
Blocker, D & Wahl-Alexander, Z 2018, 'Using sport education in a university physical activity course', JOPERD: The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 56-61.
|Journal Article with three authors||
(Wilmott, Fraser & Lammes 2018)
Wilmott, C, Fraser, E & Lammes, S 2018, ‘I am he. I am he. Siri rules: work and play with the Apple Watch', European Journal of Cultural Studies, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 78-95.
|Journal Article with more than three authors||
(Battisti et al. 2018)
Show only the name of the first author or body, followed by et al.
Battisti, C, Fanelli, G, Bertolino, S, Luiselli, L, Amori, G & Gippoliti, S 2018, 'Non-native invasive species as paradoxical ecosystem services in urban conservation education', Web Ecology, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 37-40.
Provide the names of all authors in the reference list.
2017 Harvard Journal article reference – video transcript
Slide 1 This video will demonstrate how to reference a journal article using Victoria University’s Harvard style.
Slide 2 Image on screen: In text- example. Open Bracket first author’s surname name, second author’s surname ampersand third authors surname year close bracket. Reference list example. Explanation: In Harvard Style you must acknowledge your sources of information in the text of your writing and in a reference list at the end. Brief details of your sources are provided in the text of your writing, full details are listed in the reference list. References in your reference list are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name.
Slide 3 Image on screen: Paragraph of text. Explanation: When presenting ideas or information from a source, include the authors’ surname and date of publication in brackets within the text of your writing. Where you refer to the author’s name in the body of the text, include the date of publication in brackets. When quoting directly from the source include the page number and place quotation marks around the quote.
Slide 4 Text on screen: Journal article details. Print and from electronic database. Image on screen: Database search page
Slide 5 Text on screen: Step 1 Author. Image on screen: Journal article citation and abstract from database page. Author’s name highlighted and added to Step 1 text box. First author’s surname, initial, second authors surname and initial ampersand third authors surname and initials. Explanation: When creating a reference for a journal article to include in a reference list the first element is the author’s name. Include each authors’ surname, followed by their initials.
Slide 6 Text on screen: Step 2 date of publication. Journal article citation and abstract from database page. Date of publication highlighted, publication year added to Step 2 text box.
Slide 7 Text on screen: Step 3 Article title. Journal article citation and abstract from database page. Article title in single quotation marks highlighted and added to Step 3 text box
Slide 8 Text on screen: Step 4 journal title. Journal article citation and abstract from database page. Journal title highlighted and added to Step 4 text box
Slide 9 Text on screen: Step 5 Volume and issue number. Journal article citation and abstract from database page Volume & issue number highlighted and added to Step 5 text box. Vol.(abbreviation) number, no. (abbreviation) number,
Slide 10 Text on screen: Step 6 page numbers. Journal article citation and abstract from database page. Page numbers highlighted and added to Step 6. pp. (abbreviation) page number.
Slide 11 Text on screen: Elements of a reference. Author’s name, date, Article title, Journal title (in italics), volume, issue number, page numbers. Reference example: Grohe, B, Schroeder, J & Davis, SRB 2013, ‘Using online resources to improve writing skills and attitudes about writing and plagiarism of criminal justice students’, Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 23-45.
Slide 12 More detailed information on Harvard referencing is available on the VU Harvard Libguide (http://libraryguides.vu.edu.au/harvard) or go to contacts and help on the Library website to contact Library staff.