Harvard Referencing: Patents & standards

Related links within this guide

Basic formats to reference patents & standards

The basics of a Reference List entry for a patent:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year.
  • Patent title (in italics).
  • Patent number.

Example:

Kassiou, M, Jorgensen, W, Munoz, L & The University of Sydney 2018, Anti-cancer compounds, 2018900315.

                 

  • For patents the title may be more of a descriptive title rather than a formal title.
  • Identifying elements such as patent/standard numbers should be included.
  • If no individual author is available, a corporate author can be used in the in-text reference.

The basics of a Reference List entry for a standard:

  • Author.
  • Year.
  • Standard title (in italics).
  • Standard number.
  • Publisher.
  • Place of publication.

Example:

Standards Australia 2016, Quality management systems- requirementsAS/NZS ISO 9001:2016, Standards Australia, NSW.

Referencing patents & standards: Examples

Material Type In-text example Reference List example
Patent (print) (Kassiou et al. 2018)

Kassiou, M, Jorgensen, W, Munoz, L & The University of Sydney 2018, Anti-cancer compounds, 2018900315.

Patent: Retrieved from a Database

(Larson, Reid & Oronsky 2018)

Larson, C, Reid, TR & Oronsky, BT 2018, Immunomodulatory fusion proteins, US20180134766, viewed 23 May 2018, retrieved from Scopus.

Standard: Retrieved from a Database

(Standards Australia 2018)

Standards Australia 2018, Audio/video, information and communication technology equipment- safety requirements, AS 62368.1-2018, viewed 23 May 2018, retrieved from Australian Standards Online. 

Standard (print) (Standards Australia/New Zealand Standard 2016)

Standards Australia 2016, Quality management systems - requirementsAS/NZS ISO 9001:2016, Standards Australia, NSW.

 

 

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