IEEE Referencing: Home

About this guide

This guide provides specific examples of how to cite different material types in IEEE referencing style. 

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style is a numbered referencing style that uses citation numbers in the text of the paper, provided in square brackets, e.g. [1]. A full corresponding reference is listed at the end of the paper, next to the respective citation number.

 The IEEE referencing system is commonly used in technical fields, typically electrical, electronic and computer systems engineering. 

Which referencing style should I be using?

Before you write your Reference List or Bibliography, check with your lecturer/tutor which style they prefer you to use and refer to the instructions included with your assignment.

Information about why you need to reference is available in the Referencing & plagiarism guide.

All IEEE format examples

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