IEEE Referencing: Journal articles

Journal title abbreviations

When referencing a journal article, please check a list of standard journal title abbreviations at either IEEE Abbreviations for Transactions, Journals, Letters, and Magazines or CAS Source Index (CASSI) Search Tool.

For example, the official title abbreviation for the ‘Information Processing & Management’ journal, as cross-checked in CAS Source Index (CASSI) Search Tool, is ‘Inf. Process. Manage.’. Other examples include:

  • Information Processing & Management = Inf. Process. Manage.
  • Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics = Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech.
  • Journal of Documentation = J. Doc.

If the publication you are looking for is not included in these two databases, spell out the name of journal title in full.

If referencing articles found in IEEE Transactions Journals that were published prior to 1988, also provide the acronym of the Journal that features along with the volume number, e.g., vol. AC28. 

Basic format to reference a print journal article

[#]    Author(s) Initial(s). Surname(s),Title of the article,” Abbrev. Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx–xxx, Abbrev. Month, Year.

Referencing elements to cite:

  • [#] Reference number (matching the in-text citation number)
  • Author’s first initial. Author’s second initial, if provided. Author’s last name
  • Title of the article in double quotation marks, in lower case
  • Title of the Journal, in italics. Important words of the title are capitalised, but not minor ones, such as ‘and’, ‘of’, ‘on’, etc. Refer to the Journal titles abbreviations section on this page for further information.
  • Volume, issue and page number(s)
  • Abbreviated month and year of publication. Refer to the Abbreviated month section for further information.

Example:

[1]     T. Kaczorek, "Minimum energy control of fractional positive electrical circuits", Archives of Electrical Engineering, vol. 65, no. 2, pp.191201, 2016.

Basic format to reference an electronic journal article

[#]    Author(s) Initial(s). Surname(s),Title of the electronic article,” Abbrev. Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx–xxx, Abbrev. Month. Year. Accessed on: Abbrev. Month. Day, Year. [Online]. Available: site/path/file (doi:xxxxx, database or URL) 

Referencing elements to cite:

  • [#] Reference number (matching the in-text citation number)
  • Author’s first initial. Author’s second initial, if provided. Author’s last name
  • Title of the article in double quotation marks, in lower case
  • Title of the Journal, in italics. Important words of the title are capitalised, but not minor ones, such as ‘and’, ‘of’, ‘on’, etc. Refer to the Journal titles abbreviations section on this page for further information.
  • Volume, issue and page number(s)
  • Abbreviated month and year of publication. Refer to the Abbreviated month section for further information.
  • Accessed on: Month, Day, Year. Where there is a DOI available, do not include the Access Date
  • [Online]
  • Available: site/path/file location of an electronic book, which can be a DOI, a library database provider or a full URL. 
    • It is preferable to provide a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) 
    • If a DOI of the journal article is not available, provide the Victoria University database provider. Refer to DOI in IEEE section on this guide for further information.
    • For electronic resources found on the Internet include the full URL

Example:

[2]     A. Vaskuri, H. Baumgartner, P. Kärhä, G. Andor, and E. Ikonen, "Modeling the spectral shape of InGaAlP-based red light-emitting diodes," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 118, no. 20, pp. 203103-1203103-7, Jul. 2015. Accessed on Feb. 9, 2017. [Online]. Available doi: 10.1063/1.4936322

Referencing a journal article: Examples

Material type In-text example Reference List example

Print journal article: Single author

This suggests that high temperature superconductivity [15] is more effective ...                         

[15]    G. P. Luth, “Chronology and context of the Hyatt Regency Collapse,” Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 51-61, 2013.

Print journal article: Two authors

Fidel and Green [6] suggested that the computer age ...

[6]    M. Fidel and H. M. Green, “Engineers perception of information sources,” Inf. Process. Manage., vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 225-256, May. 2015.

Note: Refer to the Journal titles abbreviations section on this page for information on when to use journal abbreviations.

Print journal article: Three to six authors

Accessibility is the key factor that influences engineers’ information seeking behaviour [1].   

[1]     F. Chanson, L. W. Burton, H. Cleveland, G. P. Luth, T. McCarthy, and H. M. Green,Engineers' perception of information sources,” J. Doc., vol. 34, no. 43, pp. 120-144, Apr. 2013.

Print journal article: More than six authors

Similar observations were reported by Luth et al. [4, p. 945]. 

[4]     G. P. Luth et al.,Software development process,” IEEE Trans. Softw. Eng., vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 913-951, Oct. 2015.

Electronic journal article: With DOI

It was shown in [2, p. 165] that the temperature of the panel changes ...

[2]     J. Carlson, D. Menicucci, P. Vorobieff, A. Mammoli, and H. He, "Infrared imaging method for flyby assessment of solar thermal panel operation in field settings," Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 163-171, Sept. 2014. doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.05.008

Note: Refer to DOI in IEEE section in this guide for information regarding the use of Document Object Identifiers.

Electronic journal article: From library database As in [3], with the help of the integrated theory, ...

[3]      M. Frishberg and M. M. Gobble, "Quantum dots: beyond solar cells," Research Technology Management, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 7-8, May/Jun. 2015. Accessed on: Oct. 13, 2014. [Online]. Available: http://ebscohost.com 

Note: Refer to DOI in IEEE section in this guide for information regarding shortening library database urls.

Electronic journal article: Internet article                                            

 ... and the major factor of underlying environmental conditions [1].                                                  

[1]     C. H. Mounika, K. S. Roy, and M. Ali, "Motor speed control based on temperature using can protocol," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 4. no. 4, Apr. 2013,  pp. 1249-1252. Accessed on: Oct. 28, 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.ijettjournal.org/volume-4/issue-4/IJETT-V4I4P348.pdf

 

.