Referencing and Plagiarism: Referencing style guides

VU referencing style guides

Different subject disciplines use different referencing styles. Be sure to check with your lecturer/ supervisor on their recommended style before using any of the following styles guides:

Components of a reference

Whichever referencing style is used, there is information which needs to be relayed to the reader of your work such as:

  • who wrote/created it
  • when was it written/created
  • what is it
  • where can it be found

In other words the information required is:

  • Author
  • Date of publication
  • Title of publication 
  • Article or chapter title (depending on the source)
  • Publisher details
  • Source location eg URL if relevant

The various referencing styles (Harvard, APA, AGLC, Oxford) list the rules on how this information will be presented in your work, both in-text and at the end of your work in a reference list. This includes formatting advice such as capitalisation, italicisation and punctuation.

Author - date styles

Different Referencing styles have different rules regarding punctuation, capitalistaion, abbreviations and the use of italics. The Harvard Style and APA Style use an author-date system. Each work cited is given an in-text reference and an entry in the Reference list at the end of the document.

 

APA referencing style Example: Basic reference list entry for a book (print version) in APA

Dwyer, J. (2013). Communication for business and the professions: Strategies and skills (5th ed.). Frenchs Forest, New South Wales: Pearson.

 

Harvard referencing style Example : Basic reference list entry for a book (print version) in Harvard Style

Dwyer, J 2013, Communication for business and the professions: strategies and skills, 5th edn, Pearson, Frenchs Forest, New South Wales.

Documentary - note (Footnote) styles

Alternative styles provide a number in-text with the full reference in a footnote and/or reference list. In Oxford there is both a footnote at the end of the page and a reference list. In the IEEE, at the end of your work the full reference of each inserted number [X] is provided in the order they appear throughout your writing.

 

Oxford referencing style  Example : Basic reference list entry for a book (print version) in Oxford Style

Dwyer, J., Communication for Business and the Professions: Strategies and Skills, 5th edn., Frenchs Forest, New South Wales, Pearson, 2013.

 

IEEE referencing style  Example : Basic reference list entry for a book (print version) in IEEE Style

[1]   J. Dwyer, Communication for Business and the Professions: Strategies and Skills, 5th ed.Frenchs Forest, New South Wales: Pearson, 2013.