Copyright law gives the copyright owner of text or a literary work the rights to control:
Under the Copyright Act there are a number of circumstances in which reproduction of a limited or reasonable amount of a literary work is permitted for educational purposes without seeking permission or payment.
At VU we have a license which allows VU staff members to copy and communicate such material for certain educational purposes. However this does not mean that anything and everything can be copied or put online for educational purposes.
Readings provides students access to online material in units for required and optional readings. Students are provided with a consistent and organised interface for their unit readings. The tool allows teaching staff to store, review, organise and share student readings within VU Collaborate, and comply with copyright requirements. Several guides are provided via the link below regarding adding and organising student readings.
For information about Readings go to the VU Collaborate 'Adding Library Content' help guides.
These are rights held by the creator and are linked to copyright. However, unlike copyright, moral rights are not transferrable to another person or body and are:
Any text which is adapted should have permission from the author before publishing. This is covered by the Moral Rights law.
In this section you will find information about using text for teaching at VU.
For copyright purposes "texts" are "literary works" which include works such as:
Teaching resources can be sourced via the Library's subscription databases or with reliance on the Statutory or Education licence. Open Access resources may also be available.
In order to comply with the Statutory licence, Victoria University is required to record all use of third party material not accessed via a licenced database held by the Library. For this reason our Copyright Policy requires all teaching staff to use Readings (eReserve+) to store and record all third party reading materials.
Significant amendments to the Copyright Act (1968) came into effect in December 2017, including changes to the Statutory Licence (formerly Parts VA and VB). The Statutory Licence is now outlined in Section 113P of the Act.
This copyright notice means that:
1. On VU Collaborate:
For information on using database resources go to: Using Library database resources
If you cannot find an Open Access (or Creative commons) work then using text under the Education Statutory licence, or s.113P exception, is allowed with some limitations.
You can upload:
Generally you can also:
You must record your use on Readings. This is required under the VU Copyright Policy and Procedures. For information on the use of Readings go to: Copyright and using eReserve (Readings)
2. For PowerPoints (and other Presentations):
Some points made regarding using text on VU Collaborate (above) also apply to presentations.
If using text on PowerPoint slides you must attribute either on the slides, or on a separate reference section on your unit site.
Many textbook publishers now allow you to use teaching resources, such as PowerPoint slides accompanying their textbooks, after you login to their teacher’s site and agree to the terms and conditions by clicking in the correct box.
3. From online sources:
If you wish to use text found online on a website, blog or social media site, remember that content on the internet is covered by copyright unless it states otherwise. This content can be used for teaching purposes if limited to the Statutory Licence conditions (see above in VU Collaborate section). Some web content may have an Open Access or Creative Commons licence, see information on Creative Commons at: Creative Commons Licences and check to see what the licence allows.
4. From textbooks:
Textbooks are usually covered by copyright (unless Open Education resources) so can be used under the Statutory Licence (s.113P) but must be attributed and cannot be adapted or changed without permission.
See previous section “On VU Collaborate” for further information on using textbook material. If using teacher resources attached to a textbook please check previous section on PowerPoint uses.
Textbooks can be in the form of ebooks and are sourced via the Library’s databases. These resources are covered by the terms and conditions of the publishers’ agreements.
Manuals are also covered by copyright. When copying from manuals always check any copyright statements on the actual work and include the attribution and the source.
'eMac User's Guide': https://manuals.info.apple.com/MANUALS/0/MA476/en_US/eMac_OriginalUserGuide.pdf
Here is an example of the manual's copyright statement, (reproduced here under the Statutory Licence s.113P):
This manual is protected by copyright and cannot be downloaded as a PDF for use on VU Collaborate without permission. It is possible to link.
'Macintosh Instruction Manual - clicking':
In this example (above) the CC licence is attributed to the photographer but the copyright owner for the original work would probably be Macintosh as they are also the original creator of the work. This photo may be breaching copyright. When using this example we are covered by the Statutory licence s.113P. This Notice is included in all VU Collaborate spaces.
Questionnaires are often protected by copyright so you need to attribute the source or creator next to the work OR link to the file if you cannot copy the pdf. Use or adaptation of a questionnaire will often require permission.
This questionnaire example is freely available from Wikimedia Commons - see attribution at bottom - however the person uploading it to Wikimedia may not have had permission to do so. (When using this example we are covered by the Statutory licence s.113P.)
This questionnaire was originally published in a study in 1987:
Kuorinka, I, Jonsson, B, Kilbom, A, Vinterberg, H, Biering-Sørensen, F, Andersson, G & Jørgensen, K 1987, 'Standardised Nordic questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms', Applied Ergonomics, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 233-7.
Contrast the previous example with a genuinely open access questionnaire (below) from Vocational Psychology Research at the University of Minnesota, the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), which is made available under a CC-BY-NC 4.0 Licence:
Information retrieved from <http://vpr.psych.umn.edu/instruments/msq-minnesota-satisfaction-questionnaire>.