Start using VU Library Search to find resources for your tutorial readings and assessment tasks. This video provides a demonstration of how to search for a journal article on a topic using Library Search
Use reference materials to:
Watch this video to learn how to identify keywords when searching for information on a topic
Successful keyword searching requires applying search techniques such as using operators to join search terms, specific phrases or relevant word variations. Some search techniques are presented below in the Searching with Keywords section.
The three most commonly used operators are AND, OR and NOT. They can be used to broaden or narrow your set of results and to exclude unwanted search terms and concepts.
AND will narrow your search returning results that contain all of your search terms
poverty AND homelessness
OR will broaden your search returning results that contain any but not all of your search terms. It is useful for finding synonyms or where different words are of equal value in your search
poverty OR low income OR poor
NOT will narrow your search by eliminating words from your search results. It should be used with care as it can easily exclude relevant results.
homelessness NOT mental health
To search for two or more words in exact order, place double quotation marks " " around the words. The database will only return articles containing that specific phrase rather than articles containing each word found individually anywhere in the text.
The phrase "low income groups" will retrieve articles with all words as you typed them in with no other words in between.
Truncation is also known as stemming, is a technique that broadens your search to include alternative word endings and spellings.
To use truncation, enter the root of a word and put the truncation symbol * at the end.
The database will return results that include any ending of that root word.
child* = child, child's, children, children's, childhood
It is important not to shorten the root too much as it may retrieve too many irrelevant results. For example chil* will bring up childless, chiller, chilly, and Chile.
Wildcard symbols are used to represent one character or letter inside of a search term. This search technique useful if a word is spelt in different ways but still has the same meaning.
Common symbols include:
! (exclamation mark)
? (question mark), and
# (number sign)
behavo!r = behaviour, behavior
p?ediatric = pediatric, paediatric
The symbols vary between databases. This information is usually found in the Help section of a database.