Bachelor of Social Work: Writing and Citing

Managing your references

It is crucial to keep a record of all the information sources you use. There are a wide variety of tools you can use to collect citation information, cite your sources in-text as you write your paper, add PDF files and annotate them, create bibliographies, and share your citations with others.

A couple of suggestions:

How to cite in Harvard Referencing Style?

All information, whether obtained from books, journal articles, websites, audiovisual materials, course notes or course presentation, or other sources, must be referenced.
Referencing is two steps process:

  • a citation in the text of the assessment
  • a list of references at the end of the assessment.

# Consult our  Harvard Referencing guide for detailed information on formatting citations and references.

In-text citations

All sources of information such as quotes or borrowed ideas must be acknowledged in your work.

In the Harvard  'author/date' style an in-text reference consists of the surname of the author/authors or name of the authoring body and year of publication.  Click on the 'Sample In-Text References' tab above for examples of how to use in-text citations in your work.

An in-text reference will consist of:


If you quote directly from an author or cite a specific idea or piece of information from the source, you need to include the page number of the quote in your in-text reference.


Reference list

The basics of a Reference List entry for a journal article:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year of publication of the article.
  • Article title (in single inverted commas).
  • Journal title (in italics).
  • Volume of journal.
  • Issue number of journal.
  • Page range of article.

Gray, L 2018, 'Exploring how and why young people use social networking sites', Educational Psychology in Practice, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 175-194.