This page provides information on getting started on your assignment and keyword searching strategies.
Check out the training program offered by the Library on finding resources for your assignments, or information on how to reference.
Harvard or IEEE referencing styles are generally the recommended styles by the Building Surveyor academics:
VU Library has a number of reference management tools to help you to manage bibliographies and references when writing essays, papers, reports, and articles:
Do you know what you are looking for?
Think about what types of information you would require in order to tackle your assignment, e.g. textbooks, handbooks or manuals, ebooks, research articles, standards, government publications? Write down any significant words (keywords) that describe your topic.
Course or unit coordinators generally provide a list of references (reading material) linked to a unit that is a good starting point for getting familiar with the topic. If the reading list is not provided, then you can start with a textbook, encyclopedia or a subject dictionary to gain a basic understanding of the topic.
Know where to look for information sources
Use the Library Search, the library’s discovery platform to find library resources. The Library Search enables you to search across the range of library’s online and print resources in one search. View the results of your search in the retrieved list of records. Each record gives brief bibliographic details of the item and either a link that provides the full access to the item, or the information about the item’s location including how many copies are available.
The classic library catalogue is still available and convenient as it allows for field searching (e.g. unit code) that the Library Search does not allow for. It is also the fastest tool for looking up the exact title or the author you are looking for.
Browse the shelves
A number of useful print material is available on the library shelves. A book is shelved according to its call number. Call numbers group similar subjects together on the library shelves. View the subject areas and call number ranges that are typically relevant to Architecture.
Keywords (or key words) are words that tell you what approach you should take when answering an assignment question.
Keywords can include content (topic), limiting (restricting), and task (instruction) words.
"Your building project is a medium-rise building for which you need to provide independent oversight of the building work throughout the construction process. Upon completion of construction, you need to ensure that the building is safe for use, accessible and energy-efficient. Analyse and interpret the building project’s plans specifications and engineering drawings cross-checking the legislation requirements. Further, identify legislation non-compliance areas, and monitor the progress of the building work against the legislation compliance and quality assurance techniques and procedures."
When you are searching for information for an essay question, assignment or project, use the identified content and limiting keywords to search for information sources in our Library Search and online.
Sample assignment topic: "You are required to assess medium rise building’s plans specifications and identify legislative non-compliance areas for the same. The project is conducted in Australia."
Once you have analysed your topic and done some preliminary reading, you are ready to break down the chosen research topic into key concepts selected from both the topic and your readings. It is best to identify 2 to 4 key concepts, with each concept containing up to 2 words, which will serve as keywords or search terms you'll type in Library Search to find relevant resources. You might need to build separate search strategies for different aspects of your research as well as use a variety of keywords to ensure you cover all aspects of the topic.
For example, focusing on the assignment topic, listed are the main concepts or keywords: 'building', and the narrower concepts, such as 'legislation', 'medium rise building', 'building plans specifications', 'non-compliance', and Australia. Alternatively, you could use synonymous (related), or broader and narrower terms, such as:
building OR construction OR structure
specifications or specs
Apply the following strategies to combine them:
building AND (legislation OR "legislative requirement*" OR regulations OR guidelines)
Boolean Operators are the words AND, OR, and NOT used in library databases that can make searches more precise, and save you time by removing the need to go through all the search results in order to find the most relevant articles. For example, when searching on the topic of 'urban design', you could apply the following terms and operators:
AND narrows the search resulting in more focused results, for instance, searching for “urban design” AND "social aspects', all articles in your result will include both concepts (keywords)
OR broadens the search by instructing the database to search for any of the words, which is particularly useful for synonyms or related terms, i.e. “urban design” OR “city planning” OR “civic design”
NOT narrows the search by instructing the database to remove all unnecessary search results, for example “urban design” NOT “history”