Harvard Referencing: Image/Photo/Table/Artwork

Basic format to reference an image/table/artwork

The basics of a Reference List entry for an image:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year.
  • Title (in italics).
  • Publisher.
  • Place of publication.


Millner, J & Moore, C 2018, Feminist perspectives on art: contemporary outtakes, Routledge, London.


Above is an example of the reference list entry where an image is cited in a book.

  • Include in the text: the artist, the title of the work and other identifying factors. Provide an in-text citation for where you saw the work. In the Reference List provide full details of where the work was cited.
  • If you have viewed a painting, street sculpture, building, fashion or other creative objects in-situ, (either in the street, a gallery or a parade), then use the examples on this page to cite your original artworks.

Referencing an image/photograph/table/artwork: Examples

 Material Type  In-text example Reference List Examples
Image from a book

Gertsakis’s work, Their eyes will tell you, everything and nothing, 2017, in Millner and Moore (2018, p. 138)…

Millner, J & Moore, C 2018, Feminist perspectives on art: contemporary outtakes, Routledge, London.

Image from Flickr

This photo showing a panorama of Austrian mountains (Crazzolara 2018) is of high quality.

Crazzolara, T 2018, Alpine panorama, image, Flickr, viewed 24 May 2018, <https://flic.kr/p/27fJCsF>.

Image from a webpage

This photo contains many elements to plan a road trip (Kreisa 2018).

Kreisa, M 2018, 60+ vital first words and phrases to learn in a new language, image, FluentU Travel, viewed 24 May 2018, <https://www.fluentu.com/blog/first-phrases-to-learn-in-a-new-language/>.

Original artwork


Jane Sutherland's masterly depiction of early morning light at the artist's camp in Box Hill was particularly admired in her painting The Mushroom Gatherers (1895).

Sutherland, J 1895, The mushroom gatherers, Oil on canvas, 481x993 mm, Australian Collection, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.                                        

Original artwork

When you have viewed works in-situ

Is Damien Hirst’s painting Veil of love’s secrets (2017) reminiscent of Aboriginal artist Emily Kame Kngwarreye’s works?

Note: Below is an example of a citation of an original work viewed in a temporary exhibition.

In Wishing Well  Ektoras (2014) demonstrates..

Hirst, D 2017, Veil of love’s secrets, Oil on canvas, 144×108 inches, Gagosian Gallery, New York.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ektoras, M 2014, Wishing well, Mono-print: Acrylic on rice paper, Exhibited at: Light & Shade exhibition, Beth Hulme Gallery & Studio, Melbourne, 15 May - 6 Jun 2015.

Table or figure from a book

Look at the table ‘Density functions of the estimator of the location parameter μ depending on the hypothesis values μ = 0 and μ = 2, respectively' (Rasch & Schott 2018, Fig. 3.1, p. 81).


Note: Include the table or figure number if available.

Rasch, D, & Schott, D 2018, Mathematical statistics, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.

Table or figure from an online source

As the figures for 2016–17 show (AIHW, 2017, Table 3.6, p. 56)…

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2017, Admitted patient care 2016–17 Australian hospital statistics, Health Services series no.84, AIHW, Canberra, viewed 24 May 2018, <https://www.aihw.gov.au/getmedia/acee86da-d98e-4286-85a4-52840836706f/aihw-hse-201.pdf.aspx?inline=true>.