Harvard Referencing: Internet/websites

Harvard Referencing: web content

Basic format to reference material from the web

The basics of a Reference List entry for a Web page or Web document:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year.
  • Title (in italics).
  • Publisher. Where there is a corporate author, the publisher and author may be the same.
  • Date viewed.
  • Web address <in angled brackets>.

Cancer Council 2017, Causes of cancer, Cancer Council, viewed 21 May 2018, <https://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/causes-of-cancer/>. 

  • Include author(s) name(s) for internet/website references where possible (an author may be a corporate body or organisation responsible for creating, producing or publishing a webpage or website.
  • Where there is no identifiable author or authoring body, use the title of the webpage or website
  • The year is the time of the last update of the web page or document.

Referencing material from the web: Examples

Material Type In-text example Reference List example


Indirect quote

Cancer might be caused by smoking, alcohol consumption, dietary and other factors, but is not due to stress (Cancer Council 2017)

Cancer Council 2017, Causes of cancer, Cancer Council, viewed 21 May 2018,   <https://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/causes-of-cancer/>. 

Webpage: No Author

(The Guardian view on Jeremy Corbyn and Ireland 2018)

Only use the first few words of a page title if it is too long.

The Guardian view on Jeremy Corbyn and Ireland: all about the border 2018, The Guardian, viewed 24 May 2018,  <https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/may/24/the-guardian-view-on-jeremy-corbyn-and-ireland-all-about-the-border>.

Webpage: No Date

(Brown n.d.)

Brown, S n.d., 12 ways to save money by using what you’ve got on hand, viewed 29 May 2018, <https://www.stayathomemum.com.au/my-money/money-saving-tips/dozen-hidden-ways-youre-saving-money-didnt-even-realise/>.

Use the abbreviation n.d. for "no date".

Web Document​

(Dugdale et al. 2018)

Dugdale, S,  Holeton, R,  Finkelstein, A,  Johnston, J & Smith, R 2018, 7 Things you should know about emerging classroom technologies, Educause, viewed 29 June 2018, <https://library.educause.edu/resources/2018/4/7-things-you-should-know-about-emerging-classroom-technologies>.

Web Document

Building Code

Australian Building Codes Board states that there are requirements to become accredited (2017, p.2).
The requirements for WaterMark accreditation are set out in the Approved Certifier Agreement…(Australian Building Codes Board 2017, p. 2).

Australian Building Codes Board 2017, Watermark Certification Scheme, Department of Industry, Innovation and Science, Canberra, viewed 21 May 2018, <https://www.abcb.gov.au/Resources/Publications/Certification/WaterMark-Brochure>.

Web Document

Government Report

'The strategy recognised that closing the gap in Indigenous disadvantage would require long-term, generational commitment, with effort to be directed across a range of priority areas' (Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (PMC) 2018, p. 11).

Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet 2018, Closing the gap - Prime Minister's report 2018, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Canberra, viewed 13 February 2019, <https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/reports/closing-the-gap-2018/sites/default/files/ctg-report-20183872.pdf?a=1>.

Web Document

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Low wealth households have not experienced any real improvement in net worth in more than a decade (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017).

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017, Household income and wealth, Australia, 2015-16, cat. no. 6523.0, ABS, Canberra, viewed 16 March 2018, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/

Computer Software (OpenOffice.org 2017)

OpenOffice.org 2017, computer software, downloaded 17 May 2018, <http://www.openoffice.org>.