Harvard Referencing: Journal articles

Harvard Referencing: journal articles

Basic format to reference journal articles

The basics of a Reference List entry for a journal article:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year of publication of the article.
  • Article title (in single inverted commas).
  • Journal title (in italics).
  • Volume of journal.
  • Issue number of journal.
  • Page range of article.

Gray, L 2018, 'Exploring how and why young people use social networking sites', Educational Psychology in Practice, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 175-194. 



Referencing journal articles: Examples

Material Type In-Text Example Reference List Examples

Direct quote

Journal Article: 
Print or Online

Indirect quote


According to Gray (2018, p. 175), there is ‘significant gender and age differences related to how young people use SNS’.
Gray (2018) suggests that young people’s perception of Social Networking is related to their association with their offline lives.

Gray, L 2018, 'Exploring how and why young people use social networking sites', Educational Psychology in Practice, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 175-194. 


An article obtained from a Database or from E-reserve is referenced in the same way as a print article.

Journal Article with two authors

(Blocker & Wahl-Alexander 2018)
Blocker and Wahl-Alexander (2018) have found…

Blocker, D & Wahl-Alexander, Z 2018, 'Using sport education in a university physical activity course', JOPERD: The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 56-61.

Journal Article with three authors

(Wilmott, Fraser & Lammes 2018)
Wilmott, Fraser and Lammes (2018) noted that…


Wilmott, C, Fraser, E & Lammes, S 2018, ‘I am he. I am he. Siri rules: work and play with the Apple Watch', European Journal of Cultural Studies, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 78-95.


Journal Article with more than three authors

(Battisti et al. 2018)
Battisti et al. (2018) compared the …


Show only the name of the first author or body, followed by et al.

Battisti, C, Fanelli, G, Bertolino, S, Luiselli, L, Amori, G & Gippoliti, S 2018, 'Non-native invasive species as paradoxical ecosystem services in urban conservation education', Web Ecology, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 37-40.

Provide the names of all authors in the reference list.

Journal Article from a website

(Celume, Besançon & Zenasni 2019, Introduction section)
Celume, Besançon and Zenasni (2019) suggest...

If no page number is available, include the location of a quote using a paragraph number or section heading (for e.g. 'Introduction section', as above). The word paragraph can be abbreviated to para.

Celume MP, Besançon M & Zenasni F 2019, 'Fostering children and adolescents’ creative thinking in education: theoretical model of drama pedagogy training', Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 9, viewed 11 February 2019, <https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02611>.

For journal articles retrieved from a website (other than Library databases), include a viewed date and URL.