IEEE Referencing: Audio-visual media

Basic format to reference an online video (e.g., YouTube)

[#]   Video Owner/Creator, Location (if available). Title of Video: In Initial Caps. (Release date). Accessed: Abbrev. Month Day, Year. [Online Video]. Available: https://urlonline.com/

Referencing elements to cite:

  • [#] Reference number (matching the in-text citation number)
  • Video Owner/Creator
  • Location (if available)
  • Title of the video in initial caps. Important words of the title are capitalised, but not minor such as 'and’, ‘of’, ‘on’, etc.‘and’, ‘but’, etc.
  • Date/Year of Production/Release
  • Accessed: Month, Day, Year. Refer to the Abbreviated month section for further information
  • [Online Video]
  • Available: Available: https://urlonline.com/

[1]     Veritasium. The Big Misconception About Electricity. (Nov 20, 2021)Accessed: Apr. 25, 2022. [Online video]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bHIhgxav9LY

[2]     Victoria University Library. IEEE referencing - The Basics. (2017)Accessed: May 12, 2022. [Online video]. Available: https://vimeo.com/220916942?embedded=true&source=vimeo_logo&owner=39348021

Basic format to reference a streaming video

[#]   Video Owner/Creator/Production company, Title of Video: In Initial Caps. (Year of production). Accessed:  Abbrev. Month Day, Year. [Streaming Video]. Available: name of the database providing the video or URL

Referencing elements to cite:

  • [#] Reference number (matching the in-text citation number)
  • Video owner/creator/production company
  • Title of the streaming video, in italics. Important words of the title are capitalised, but not minor such as 'and’, ‘of’, ‘on’, etc.‘and’, ‘but’, etc.
  • Year of Production
  • Accessed: Month, Day, Year. Refer to the Abbreviated month section for further information
  • [Streaming Video]
  • Available: name of the database providing the video or URL

[3]     Michael Blackwood Productions, Engineering Transparency: Glass in Architecture and Structural Engineering. (2007)Accessed: Feb. 18, 2018. [Streaming Video]. Available: Kanopy Streaming database 

[4]     S. Allardice, Programming Foundations: Fundamentals. (Dec. 2020). Accessed: Feb. 3, 2022. [Streaming video]. Available: LinkedIn Learning database

[5]     National Geographic, Engineering the Future. (Aug. 2020). Accessed: Apr. 20, 2022. [Streaming video]. Available: https://clickv.ie/w/6OQs

It is acceptable to shorten the full URL to its abbreviated version to simply indicate the main database provider of the source. Refer to DOI in IEEE for more information.

Basic format to reference a DVD

[#]    Producer(s) Initial(s). Surname(s), Title of the DVD, xth ed. [Type of medium]. Production City, (U.S. State or Country if the City is not "well known"): Production Company, Year of Production.

Referencing elements to cite:

  • [#] Reference number if applicable (matching the in-text citation number)
  • Producer’s first initial. Producer’s second initial, if provided. Producer’s last name
  • Title of the DVD, in italics. Important words of the title are capitalised, but not minor such as ‘and’, ‘of', 'on', etc.
  • ​Edition number
  • DVD
  • Place of production
  • Publisher/Production information
  • Year of Production

[6]     Films Media Group, Electrical Components. Part One: Resistors, Batteries and Switches. [DVD]. Monmouth Junction, NJ: Shopware, 2006.

[7]     R. Hammond, Engineering Connections, Series Three. [DVD]. Collingwood, Australia: Special Broadcasting Service Corporations, 2011.

Referencing audio-visual media: Examples

Material type In-text example Reference List example
YouTube video  

The responsibilities of contractors are discussed in [7].

[7]   ABC Science. Electricity - An Electric Current Flows through Wood in Real-Time Phenomena. (Jun 8, 2021). Accessed: Jan. 25, 2022. [Online Video]. Available: https://youtu.be/knACZPQx54s

 Streaming video                                

As demonstrated in [4], it can be seen that the issues are …

 [4]    Kanopy Streaming Service. Electrical Power Transmission: The Grid. (2015)Accessed: Feb. 1, 2022. [Streaming Video]. Available:  https://vu.kanopystreaming.com 

DVD

The issue, as discussed in [1], indicates how necessary it is to consider ...

 

 [1]    Fire Engineering, Fire Engineering's Skill Drills DVD for Firefighter I and II: The Traditions and Mission of the Fire Service. [DVD]. Tulsa, OK: PennWell, 2009.