APP1016 Foundations of Psychological Research: Referencing

What is a DOI?

DOI (Digital Object Identifer) provides a persistent electronic link to a journal article or e-book. APA referencing style requires the DOI (where available ) to be included in the Reference List citation.

Example journal article reference with doi:

Braaf, S., Riley, R., & Manias, E. (2015). Failures in communication through documents and documentation across the perioperative pathway. Journal of  Clinical Nursing24(13/14), 1874-1884.

VU EasyRef

VU EasyRef is an interactive referencing tool with examples on how to reference using APA referencing style.

APA Referencing - Introduction

The referencing style required for units in the Bachelor of Psychological studies  is APA style. However, it is always a good idea to confirm with individual unit coordinators as to which referencing style is required.

Information about why you need to reference is available in the Referencing & Plagiarism guide.

Access the Victoria University APA Referencing Guide.

APA Referencing - Journal Article

A basic reference list entry for a journal article in APA must include:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year of publication of the article (in round brackets).
  • Article title.
  • Journal title (in italics).
  • Volume of journal (in italics).
  • Issue number of journal in round brackets (no italics).
  • Page range of article.
  • DOI.
  • The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces.

Example: Ruxton, C. (2016). Tea: Hydration and other health benefits. Primary Health Care26(8), 34-42.    


Refer to the Victoria University APA Guide for details of referencing journal articles accessed electronically and for more referencing examples.

APA Referencing Videos

This series of videos takes you through the fundamentals of the APA Referencing style. Refer to the Victoria University APA guide for examples of in-text referencing and more information.