This page provides information on getting started on your assignment and keyword searching strategies.
Keywords (or key words) are words that tell you what approach you should take when answering an assignment question.
Keywords can include content (topic), limiting (restricting), and task (instruction) words.
"A contractor has been hired to develop a new student accommodation at ‘X’ University due for the completion by the Semester 1. The contractor is in the breach of contract in regard to the completion date of the construction project caused by a delay in the late delivery of 200 bags of Portland cement. The construction company ordered the 200 bags of Portland Cement from the Cement Wholesalers and paid in advance. However, the delivery of the cement was delayed by the natural causes, the floods. Does the employer have the right not to complete or terminate the contract?"
Apart from the identified keywords, it may be necessary to use the concepts that have not been explicitly mentioned but are implied in the topic as they will relate to this case, such as 'law' or 'legislation'.
When you are searching for information for an essay question, assignment or project, use the identified content and limiting keywords, or concepts, to search for the information sources in our Library Search and online.
Sample assignment topic: "The contractor is in the breach of contract in regard to the completion date of the construction project caused by a natural cause and thus a delay which resulted in the late delivery of 200 bags of Portland cement. Does the employer have the right not to complete or terminate the contract?"
Once you have analysed your topic and done some preliminary reading, you are ready to break down the chosen research topic into key concepts selected from both the topic and your readings. It is best to identify 2 to 4 key concepts, with each concept containing up to 2 words, which will serve as keywords or concepts (search terms) you'll type in Library Search to find relevant resources. You might need to build separate search strategies for different aspects of your research as well as use a variety of keywords or concepts to ensure you cover all aspects of the topic.
For example, focusing on the assignment topic, listed are the main concepts or keywords: 'construction project delay', and 'law', and the narrower concepts, such as 'natural cause'. Alternatively, you could use synonymous (related), or broader and narrower terms, such as:
project completion date
construction delay law
damages for delays
construction delay claim
impacts of delay project delivery
conflict of laws
delay or disruption
construction dispute resolution
Apply the following strategies to combine them:
construction delays AND (law OR legislation)
Boolean Operators are the words AND, OR, and NOT used in library databases that can make searches more precise, and save you time by removing the need to go through all the search results in order to find the most relevant articles. For example, when searching on the topic of "construction disputes', you could apply the following terms and operators:
AND narrows the search resulting in more focused results, for instance, searching for “construction” AND "disputes," all articles in your result will include both concepts (keywords)
OR broadens the search by instructing the database to search for any of the words, which is particularly useful for synonyms or related terms, i.e. “law” OR “legislation” OR “claims”
NOT narrows the search by instructing the database to remove all unnecessary search results, for example “property” NOT “land rights”
Do you know what you are looking for?
Think about what types of information you would require in order to tackle your assignment, e.g. textbooks, handbooks or manuals, ebooks, research articles, standards, government publications? Write down any significant words (keywords) that describe your topic.
Course or unit coordinators generally provide a list of references (reading material) linked to a unit that is a good starting point for getting familiar with the topic. If the reading list is not provided, then you can start with a textbook, encyclopedia or a subject dictionary to gain a basic understanding of the topic.
Know where to look for information sources
Use the Library Search, the library’s discovery platform to find library resources. The Library Search enables you to search across the range of library’s online and print resources in one search. View the results of your search in the retrieved list of records. Each record gives brief bibliographic details of the item and either a link that provides the full access to the item, or the information about the item’s location including how many copies are available.
The classic library catalogue is still available and convenient as it allows for field searching (e.g. unit code) that the Library Search does not allow for. It is also the fastest tool for looking up the exact title or the author you are looking for.
Browse the shelves
A number of useful print material is available on the library shelves. A book is shelved according to its call number. Call numbers group similar subjects together on the library shelves. View the subject areas and call number ranges that are typically relevant to Construction Law in Australia.
Search the library