Bachelor of Applied Movement Sciences & Master of Physiotherapy: Referencing

What is a DOI?

DOI (Digital Object Identifer) provides a persistent electronic link to a journal article or e-book. APA referencing style requires the DOI (where available ) to be included in the Reference List citation.

Example journal article reference with doi:

Braaf, S., Riley, R., & Manias, E. (2015).               Failures in communication through                 documents and documentation across           the perioperative pathway. Journal of             Clinical Nursing24(13/14), 1874-1884          doi:10.1111/jocn.12809.

APA referencing - introduction

The referencing style required for units in the Bachelor of Applied Movement Sciences &  Master of Physiotherapy is APA style. However, it is always a good idea to confirm with individual unit coordinators as to which referencing style is required.

Information about why you need to reference is available in the Academic Integrity guide

Access the Victoria University APA Referencing Guide.

APA Referencing - journal article

A basic reference list entry for a journal article ( print version) in APA must include:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year of publication of the article (in round brackets).
  • Article title.
  • Journal title (in italics).
  • Volume of journal (in italics).
  • Issue of journal (no italics).
  • Page numbers of article.
  • The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces.

Example print journal article: 

Brill, J. B. (2011). Heal your heart with food: Eight foods that prevent a second heart attack. Better Nutrition73(2), 38-42.


Refer to the Victoria University APA Guide for details of referencing journal articles accessed electronically and for more referencing examples.

APA Referencing videos

This series of videos takes you through the fundamentals of the APA Referencing style. Refer to the Victoria University APA guide for examples of in-text referencing and more information.