Bachelor of Sport Management: Getting started

What are keywords?

Key words are words in a question that tell you the approach you should take when answering an assignment question. 

Keywords can include:

Content Words      

  • Tell you what the topic area is.
  • Help you to focus your research and reading on the correct area.
  • Think about synonyms or similar words, eg. physical activity OR sport OR fitness   



Source: University of New South Wales 

Limiting Words 

  • Tell you what area(s) to focus on, eg. physical activity
  • Define the topic area further, eg. social benefits of physical activity
  • Indicate aspects of the topic area you should narrowly concentrate on, eg. social benefits of physical activity for children.



Task Words

  • Tell you what to do; the action(s) you need to perform, eg. compare, contrast, describe, summarise.

 Steps to a successful assignment

  1. Collect all your information about the assignment.
  • the handout on the assignment
  • the type of resources required for your Reference List e.g. books, dictionaries, journal articles
  • notes from classes on how to do the assignment
  1. Analyse and prepare
  1. Read for Information
  • read Required Reading and make notes
  • read the additional articles etc for information not in the Required Reading
  • prepare each Reference as you read it, ensure it is written in the APA referencing style. See the APA referencing guide for further assistance
  1. Start writing
  • collect notes from your reading and start to build your assignment
  • write the correct References for each of your readings for your Reference List

Keyword search strategies

Select  keywords from both the topic and your readings. Keywords can be single words or phrases. You will need to use a variety of keywords to ensure you cover all aspects of the topic and apply the following strategies to combine them

  • using the Boolean logic (AND OR & NOT), for example, 
    • outdoor recreation AND risks AND children
    • young adults OR adolescents OR teenagers
    • sports NOT exercise
  • think of possible synonyms and related words or phrases, for example,
    • leisure OR recreation
  • search exact phrases by enclosing the phrase in quotes, for example, 
    • "extreme sports"
  • find a term with variant spelling  by using a hash (#), for example,entering  
    • behavio#r will find both behavior and behaviour
  • find a term with various endings by using as a truncation symbol represented by an asterisk (*), for example,
    • inactiv* will retrieve inactive, inactivity and inactivities
  • group terms together by placing them in parentheses, for example,
    • Sports (management OR administration)

View the videos in this guide to learn how to search for books, e-books and journal articles available  at  Victoria University Library.

Readings for your interest

Semester 1

SSM1101 Introduction to Sport and Active Recreation

  • Veal, A.J., Darcy, S., & Lynch, R. (2013). Australian leisure (4th ed.). Frenchs Forest, NSW: Pearson. (electronic version)
  • Veal, A.J., Darcy, S., & Lynch, R. (2013). Australian leisure (4th ed.). Frenchs Forest, NSW: Pearson. (print version)

SSM1102 Foundations of Sport and Active Recreation

SSM1103 Management Principles for Sport and Active Recreation

SSM1104 Community Building for Sport and Active Recreation

Semester 2

SSM1201 Marketing for Sport ad Active Recreation

SSM1202 Financial Management for Sport and Active Recreation

SSM1203 Human Resources for Sport and Active Recreation

  • refer VU Collaborate for readings

SSM1205 Introduction to Adventure in Sport and Active Recreation


Why reference?

Refer to Referencing & Plagiarism guide to learn about how to reference and practical advice on avoiding plagiarism.

Take this quiz to test how much you've learnt about referencing and plagiarism.

Referencing & Plagiarism Quiz

Review your referencing skills

Go to the link provided below and answer Yes or No to see if this reference is correct? 

Referencing Quiz