Oxford Referencing: Internet/websites

Related links within this guide

Basic format for referencing material from the web

Format for footnotes for a document from the web:

1 A. Author, 'Title of Document', Name of Website in Italics, Place of Publication, Name of Publisher, year, page number, http://url, (accessed day month year).

Example:

1 Wilderness Society Australia, 'The Kimberley', The Wilderness Society, Hobart, TAS, Author, 2018, p. 6, http://www.wilderness.org.au/work/the-kimberley, (accessed 6 September 2018).
 

  • Include the author's name for internet/website references where possible. An author may be a corporate body or organisation responsible for creating, producing or publishing a webpage or website.
  • Where there is no identifiable author or authoring body, use the title of the webpage or website.
  • Use the date of the last web page update or web document update as the year.

Referencing material from the web: Examples

Material Type In-Text Example Reference List Examples

Web Document

 

1 Wilderness Society Australia, 'Greenhouse Gases - Choking the Planet', The Wilderness Society, Hobart, TAS, Author, 2011, p. 6, http://www.wilderness.org.au/2011campaigns/climate, (accessed 25 January 2012).

Use paragraph or section numbers if there are no page numbers.

Wilderness Society Australia, 'Greenhouse Gases - Choking the Planet', The Wilderness Society, Hobart, TAS, Author, 2011, http://www.wilderness.org.au/2011campaigns/climate, (accessed 25 January 2012).

Use Author rather than repeat the publisher name if they are the same.

 

Website

1 M. Ciolek, Aboriginal Studies WWW Virtual Library, Olympia, WA, Centre for World Indigenous Studies, http://www.ciolek.com/WWWVL-Aboriginal.html, (accessed 11 December 2011).

As a rule it is better to cite a document from a website instead of a whole website in your essay.

Ciolek, M., Aboriginal Studies WWW Virtual Library, Olympia, WA, Centre for World Indigenous Studies, http://www.ciolek.com/WWWVL-Aboriginal.html, (accessed 11 December 2011).

Blog

1 E. Woodbury, 'Manga Circulation in Japan', Ooburoshiki [web blog], 1 February 2010, http://eugenewoodbury.blogsopt.com/2010/02/manga-circulation-in-japan, (accessed 19 February 2010).

Woodbury, E., 'Manga Circulation in Japan', Ooburoshiki [web blog], 1 February 2010, http://eugenewoodbury.blogsopt.com/2010/02/manga-circulation-in-japan, (accessed 19 February 2010).

Digital Images

1 R. Leighton, 'Surf Sirens, Manly Beach, New South Wales, 1938-46' [online photograph], http://nla.gov.au/nla.pic-an1405454-2, (accessed 12 June 2010).

Leighton, R., 'Surf Sirens, Manly Beach, New South Wales, 1938-46' [online photograph], http://nla.gov.au/nla.pic-an1405454-2, (accessed 12 June 2010).

  

 

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