Generative artificial intelligence (AI) language models (such as ChatGPT, Copilot, Midjourney) respond to natural language text inputs and are designed to generate human-like text or image responses.
The updated VU Academic Integrity Policy provides a definition of Artificial Intelligence and, in Part C of the Policy lists "The use of artificial intelligence models to generate any of the above without acknowledging the use of the model." as a form of plagiarism.
Only use these tools if explicitly directed to do so by your VU academic as part of your learning or research experience. If in doubt, check with the relevant teaching staff member or research supervisor. Using these tools without permission may be considered an Academic Integrity breach.
When permitted to use AI in your work, it is essential that you:
Any output from a generative AI Program/App used in your work must be clearly cited using the conventions of your referencing style.
Output from generative AI is a non-recoverable source; that is, there is no way for you to link to it, and no way for your reader to access the exact output that you are referring to. The current recommendation is that you base the reference for generative AI output on the reference format appropriate for works that cannot be recovered by your reader. For example personal communication or written correspondence.
Generative artificial intelligence (AI) is a recent development, and at the time of writing not all referencing styles are offering clear guidance, and where advice exists it is still only interim guidance. As things change and guidance becomes clearer the advice on this guide will be updated accordingly.
Updated: 13 April 2023
There is no formal guidance regarding how to reference AI-generated content in Oxford referencing style. Until formal advice is available use the Personal Communications format. (VU Library, March 2023)
Michelangelo was a writer.1
1 Output from ChatGPT, OpenAI. Prompt: “What was Michelangelo best known for.” 10 March 2023.
You do not need to include an entry in the reference list.