NEF1103 Engineering and the Community: Referencing

APA referencing - introduction

The referencing style required for units in the NEF1103 Engineering and the Community is the APA style. However, it is always a good idea to confirm with individual unit coordinators as to which referencing style is required.

Information about why you need to reference is available in the Referencing & Plagiarism guide.

Access the Victoria University APA Referencing Guide.

APA Referencing - journal article

A basic reference list entry for a journal article ( print version) in APA must include:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year of publication of the article (in round brackets).
  • Article title.
  • Journal title (in italics).
  • Volume of journal (in italics).
  • Issue of journal (no italics).
  • Page numbers of article.
  • The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces.

Example print journal article: 

Brill, J. B. (2011). Heal your heart with food: Eight foods that prevent a second heart attack. Better Nutrition73(2), 38-42.



Refer to the Victoria University APA Guide for details of referencing journal articles accessed electronically and for  more referencing examples.

What is a DOI?

DOI (Digital Object Identifer) provides a persistent electronic link to a journal article or e-book. APA referencing style requires the DOI (where available ) to be included in the Reference List citation.

Example journal article reference with doi:

Braaf, S., Riley, R., & Manias, E. (2015).               Failures in communication through                 documents and documentation across           the perioperative pathway. Journal of             Clinical Nursing24(13/14), 1874-1884          doi:10.1111/jocn.12809.

APA Referencing videos

This series of videos takes you through the fundamentals of the APA Referencing style. Refer to the Victoria University APA guide for examples of in-text referencing and more information.

Referencing management tools

Referencing management tools

VU Library has a number of reference management tools which can help you to:

  • Create, store and organise a personalised database of your references
  • Enter references manually or import from library catalogues or databases
  • Generate bibliographies/reference lists, choosing from 100s of bibliographic styles


  • EndNote can be used by all current VU students (onshore) and VU staff. It's suitable for researchers and students who need to manage large amounts of bibliographic data.

Endnote Online

Study Tools

The documents here provide basic templates to create a book reference and journal article reference in APA style. Watch the videos on this page and refer to the APA Guide for more information.