Bachelor of Nursing and Midwifery: Referencing

On this page

  • APA Referencing -introduction
  • APA Referencing - journal article
  • APA Referencing videos
  • What is a DOI?

APA referencing - introduction

The referencing style required for units in the Bachelor of Nursing is APA (7th ed.) style. 

Information about why you need to reference is available in the Academic Integrity Guide

Access the Victoria University APA Referencing Guide.

APA Referencing - journal article

A basic reference list entry for a journal article in APA must include:

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year of publication of the article (in round brackets).
  • Article title.
  • Journal title (in italics).
  • Volume of journal (in italics).
  • Issue number of journal in round brackets (no italics).
  • Page range of article.
  • DOI or URL
  • The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces.


Ruxton, C. (2016). Tea: Hydration and other health benefits. Primary Health Care, 26(8), 34-42.

Refer to the Victoria University APA Guide for details of referencing journal articles accessed electronically and for more referencing examples.

APA Referencing videos

This series of videos takes you through the fundamentals of the APA Referencing style. Refer to the Victoria University APA guide for examples of in-text referencing and more information.

What is a DOI?

DOI (Digital Object Identifer) provides a persistent electronic link to a journal article or e-book. APA referencing style requires the DOI (where available ) to be included in the Reference List citation.

Example journal article reference with doi:

Braaf, S., Riley, R., & Manias, E. (2015).               Failures in communication through                 documents and documentation across           the perioperative pathway. Journal of             Clinical Nursing24(13/14), 1874-                 1884. https://doi:10.1111/jocn.12809.