IEEE Referencing: Standards and patents

Basic format to reference a standard

[#]  Title of Standard, Standard number, Year.

Referencing elements to cite:

  • [#] Reference number (matching the in-text citation number)
  • Title of standard, in italics
  • Standard number
  • Year of publication

[1]    Safe Working on or Near Low-voltage Electrical Installations and EquipmentAS/NZS 4836:2011, 2011. 

Basic format to reference a print patent

[#]   Author(s) Initial(s). Surname(s), “Title of patent,” Published Patent’s country of origin and number xxxx, Abbrev. Month. Day, Year of Publication.​

Referencing elements to cite:

  • [#] Reference number (matching the in-text citation number)
  • Author’s first initial. Author’s second initial, if provided. Author’s last name. If an individual author is not available, include the corporate author.
  • Title of patent, in double quotation marks
  • Patent’s country of origin and the patent’s number, i.e. Australian Patent xxxxx
  • Abbreviated Month, Day and Year of publication. Refer to the Abbreviated month section for further information.

[2]     N. Tesla, "System of electrical distribution," United States Patent and Trademark Office 390,413, Oct. 2, 1888. 

Basic format to reference an online patent

If the patent was retrieved from a online database, such as IP Australia, Google Patents etc., and is available in an electronic format, reference it in the following manner:

[#]    Name of the invention, by inventor’s name. (Year, Month, Day). Patent Number.  Accessed on: Month, Day, Year. [Online]. Available: site/path/file

Referencing elements to cite:

  • [#] Reference number (matching the in-text citation number)
  • Title of patent, by Author’s first initial. Author’s second initial, if provided. Author’s last name. If an individual author is not available, include the corporate author
  • Abbreviated Month, day and year of publication. Refer to the Abbreviated month section for further information
  • Patent’s country of origin and the patent’s number, i.e. Australian Patent xxxxx
  • Accessed on: Month, Day, Year. Refer to the Abbreviated month section for further information.
  • [Online]
  • Available: site/path/file, i.e. the patent’s URL

[3]     Fixing system for an electrical plate, by Legrand Australia Pty Ltd. (2016, Dec. 22). 2016905338. Accessed on: Feb. 1, 2017. [Online]. Available: AusPat

Referencing standards and patents: Examples

Material type In-text example Reference List example
Standard

For more details, see [8] ...            

[8]     Clinical Thermometers - Performance of Electrical Thermometers for Continuous Measurement, AS EN 12470.4–2004, 2004.

Patent         

In contrast to [5], it is evident that ...                                         

[5]    T. Powell, "Reflector assembly for a solar collector," Australian Patent 2015904470, Oct. 30, 2015.

Online patent                                                                                                   

As indicated in [13], ...

[13]    Methods for dense parking of remotely controlled or autonomous vehicles, by T. D. Harvey. (2015, Feb. 1). US9139199B2. Accessed on: Nov. 3, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://patents.google.com/patent/US9139199B2/en?q=driverless+car&q=USA&language=ENGLISH&after=20141231